Archive for September 2008

Sept. 29

“I Have A Dream,” Martin Luther King, Jr.

“I Have a Dream” speech is full of rhetoric. He is specifically talking to the black audience, which is understood. The writer is trying to explain to the people that one day; African Americans will be free and treated fairly. He explains how the Emancipation Proclamation was signed but the Negro is still not free. He grabs his audience by speaking passionately. He uses forensic rhetoric because he is saying this (prejudice and discrimination), is bad because every man is created equal and should have equal rights.

            However, I think it is mostly deliberative rhetoric because he speaks on what the future holds and what should happen. He states that the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were written so that all men, even black men, would have the same rights of “Life, Liberty, and Pursuit of Happiness.” And instead of Americans honoring that note, that obligation, they have continued to give the Negro people a “bad check, a check that has come back marked insufficient funds.” He says that now is the time to stand up and speak out for what’s right. He says that the Negro people will not stop until they are granted their rights. However, he says that while we fight for these rights, we should not be bitter or develop hatred. We must keep our dignity and discipline and turn our physical force into soul force.

            The writer can connect with the audience because he himself is an African American and is dealing with the same discrimination. He constantly says that we can’t walk alone but we have to stick together. There he is proving his reliability; he is able to convince his audience because she touches the emotional side. While he is saying that we need to stand up and fight for our rights, he is still saying that we shouldn’t distrust all white people, for many white people have come to realize that our destinies are the same and our freedoms should rightfully be the same. This shows that he has discipline and not only respect for himself and for his Negro people, but also whites, despite the prejudices and discriminations that they may show. He doesn’t speak as if he is higher than the Negro people, but he speaks as if he is on the same level and is speaking up for Negros as a whole.

            He constantly uses the word “we”, showing that this is something that needs to be accomplished together. This shows the bonds and brotherhood and touches the emotional side of the audience. He is saying that we are not in this alone and that if we speak up then we can make a difference. He proves that he and the Negro people will never give up. He says we will never be satisfied as long as the Negro people are the victims of police brutality, or as long as our fatigued bodies cannot stay at hotels or motels, or as long as they move us from a small ghetto to a slightly larger ghetto, or as long as our children are stripped of their dignity by seeing “Whites only” signs; and how we will not be satisfied until we are able to vote. This touches the Negro peoples’ emotional side because they can relate to these things and they want them to come to an end.

            He shares what his dream is, which ties into millions of the Negros dreams. They all have the same dream and are living and fighting for what they deserve. Not alone, but united, as one.


Add a comment September 30, 2008

Sept. 25

“What is Rhetoric?”

Rhetoric is the art of persuasion. As Aristotle said, it’s “the available means of persuasion.” It’s not about tricking the audience into believing something, it’s about using language in the correct way to achieve someting. It’s between an audience, the author, and the topic, or the text. The different appeals of rhetoric are pathos, logos, and ethos. Pathos is the appeal to emotion. It gives a story that the audience can relate to. They have to know who their audience is in order to share their values successfully. Logos is the logical appeals/means. The author has to argue as logically as they can and share the information clearly. Ethos is the author/speaker. The pursuasiveness of the argument depends on how the audience views the author and what they are writing about. There are also 3 focuses on the elements of argument. They are claims, support, and warrants. A claim is the mail idea, thesis, opinion, or argument. The support are the statements given to back up the claim. And the warrant is the connection often assumed between the claim and the support. So, the claim states something, such as, Bell Tower has a lot of different choices and is very satisfying. The support would then be that they have a lot of different choices, therefore it is satisfying, And the warrant/what’s understood is that Bell Tower is a dining hall. In order to persuade, you must known your audience, and say the right things.


I have learned that without establishing an audience, you will accomplish nothing. If you don’t know who you are speaking to, then you can’t persuade them into something. You have to break the information down and know it well (all sides of the argument), so that you can prove a point. Rhetoric is the interaction between the audience, the author, and the text. I can apply this to class by really trying to understand how pursuasive I can be. I have to be able to connect with my audience on a more personal/emotional level so that I can easily persuade them. I have to shape each aspect so that me, as the speaker, my audience, and the subject work together. I must know all angles of the argument, so that when the text shifts, I know the right thing to say.

Add a comment September 24, 2008

sept. 11

“On Seeing England for the First Time”


1. Some details that Kincaid uses that are significant and vital to my understanding are that when she was a child, not only her teachers, but the society put a special meaning on England. Such as when her teacher put the map upon the board with a certain seriousness and adoration. She began to notice that pretty much everything she ate, wore, or saw, was from England. England was set upon a high pedestal from the time she was a child. She said that when she heard the word “England,” she felt small because she wasn’t from it. She couldn’t relate because she had never stepped foot in England, or even met anyone who did. She mentioned the views upon which made a big impression on her. “When the morning touched the sky,” because she says where she lived, no morning touched the sky. She was told not to gossip, but they did. And the foods she was told not to eat (gluttony), they ate plenty of. By the way she was describing England at first; I would have thought that when she actually set foot in England, she would love it. However, it was the exact opposite.


3. I didn’t really like the essay. At first, she was writing as if she loved England. She also held England upon a higher pedestal and showed that everything she ate, wore, and sang about was related to or from England. She makes it seem as if she is actually from England or resides there. I began to get confused because everything was related to England but she did not live there. She learned England’s history in school, they way they live and dress and the things that they eat. I assume that she is forced into this lifestyle by her parents, and possibly the society that she lives in. She finally gets to the point where she is grown up and goes to England for the first time. She explains why she hates it and why she wishes it would all die. I found this essay very confusing; therefore, I didn’t enjoy it.

2 comments September 10, 2008

Sept. 9

1. In the beginning, very empty but an awesome sight. You could see the competition and excitement in people’s faces. You could see the fresh, green ground with brightly colored letters in blue and gold painted on it. Blue and white seats all around. The people on the opposite side were so far away that they looked like ants in blue and yellow clothing. The sky was gorgeous and the sun shone beautifully onto the fresh green ground. As time went by, it started to fill up. So much yellow it was like flocks of bumblebees. Blue and yellow practically all throughout. Little spots of red and white amidst the overpowering blue and yellow. Where am I? The Michigan Stadium. Go REDHAWKS!



2. The atmosphere was like none other. Smell of hot dogs, nachos, and ice cream filled the air. People were comparing one team’s offense to the other and one team’s defense to the other. People yelling, cheering, screaming. The smell, or the sense, of intensity and passion in the air. The anxious feeling when we were 3rd down with 5 yards to go. The commentator saying, “1st down Miami Redhawks!” Or “Pass completed!” Reaching over and touching my friend’s hand when I felt anxious, and feeling her hands sweating profusely because of the nervousness and excitement she felt inside.


4. Considering myself to be the center of a circle, with a radius of 3 feet, I feel, smell, and hear many things. I can feel my hands sweating profusely because I am anxious and awaiting the sound of the commentator saying, “Touchdown Redhawks!” I can feel the man behind me shaking his legs as in frustration, excitement, or anxiety. I can smell the scrumptious smelling hot dog that the lady sitting right behind me is eating. Looking nice and brown with sweet tasting ketchup and mustard sitting on top. I can feel my stomach growling because I haven’t eaten all morning. I can hear my friend next to me taking pictures with her digital camera and speedily texting everyone in her contact list and telling them that the “Big House” is AMAZING! I can feel the prayers and confidence in my parents sitting to the left of me that my brother is going to perform well.

3. pictures!

Before the game, seats pretty empty but you could feel the excitement in the air.

Before the game, seats pretty empty but you could feel the excitement in the air.


By this time, the stadium was packed. It was 105, 754 people at the game. The atmosphere was amazing. You could feel the rush and the excitement. Michigan has true fans and that’s how it is at pretty much every game. We had our little section at the VERY top cheering REDHAWKS as loud as we could!

By this time, the stadium was packed. It was 105, 754 people at the game. The atmosphere was amazing. You could feel the rush and the excitement. Michigan has true fans and that’s how it is at pretty much every game. We had our little section at the VERY top cheering REDHAWKS as loud as we could!

The huge section of yellow is the Michigan student section. The flock of bumblebees is what I referred to it as.

The huge section of yellow is the Michigan student section. The flock of bumblebees is what I referred to it as.


Our boys (Redhawks) getting ready to defend the Michigan Wolverines. The defense did awesome! They were determined and focused and tried their best to stop the blue and gold.

Our boys (Redhawks) getting ready to defend the Michigan Wolverines. The defense did awesome! They were determined and focused and tried their best to stop the blue and gold.

Add a comment September 8, 2008

September 4th

“Different Attitudes on Using Pencils” was very interesting to me. It shows that the least thought about differences are actually kind of extreme when you really think about it. In this case, the use of pencils. Here in the U.S., we think nothing of it. However, in China, pencils are considered “useless” after kindergarten. The U.S. is based on individuality, when China is based on rules and regulations. We all pay too much attention to the negatives about each other, when we should look at each other’s strong points and maybe try to emulate them so we can better our society. The simple use of pencils and pens can actually lead us to exploration of the bigger differences between the two countries.

I thought this was a good ethnography because he used artifacts ( the pen and the pencil), to show the different culture values. It contains the conflict of the American individualistic culture and the Chinese rules and regulations culture. He applied his understanding to make the argument bigger for “mutual cultural awareness and appreciation.” He clearly showed that one thing that is valued in one culture might be viewed the total opposite in another culture. From this ethnography, I think I can take the use of artifacts and use it in my own. I can also show that to one culture/group, something may be valued more or less than another culture/group. The conflict that he used between the two cultures worked, however, I think he could have went more in depth.


“Rusted Roots” was about fitting in and being sure of yourself. Being who you are and truly loving yoursef. It also showed how the outer appearance is very important to people today. The writer states how when she was younger, the boys used to make fun of her red hair and she became very self-conscious. She had been outgoing and athletic, but she became shy and began doubting her athleticism. She was not only self-conscious of her red hair, but also her pale skin and her blonde eyelashes. She would use hair lightener, self tanner, and mascara to try and look like the other girls. When really, she just needed to become more comfortable with herself. In college, she finally began to embrace who she was. Instead of trying to change her appearance, she just enhanced her most unique qualities which were her red hair, pale skin, and blonde eyelashes. She showed that we take appearance too seriously. It’s one thing to look nice, but it shouldn’t be as big a priority as it’s come to be. Some people like to stand out, and some peope like to blend it. However, you should ALWAYS be comfortable with yourself.


Like they stated in the Editor’s Note, its an authoethnography because she talks about her own experience in culure values. The conflict is between an individual and society. With all the expectations and critiques of the society today, you have to be able to still be comfortable with yourself. Don’t change just because you don’t look like the so-called “popular” girls. God made everyone unique in their own way. I don’t think I can take as much from this ethnography as I could the first one. This seems like more of a personal account in my opinion.

2 comments September 4, 2008

september 2nd

“The Church Uptown” was very interesting to me. Some of the things that were stated were the same things or ideas I had thought of in my head. The first time I saw St. Mary’s, I thought, “What in the world is this little Catholic church doing sitting in between places to eat and have fun?” I figured it was another boring little Catholic church that was uptight. I thought all of these things without knowing ANYTHING about the place. I pre-judged it, often like how people judge others without getting to know them. It’s not just a place to go listen to a sermon, it’s a place where people can connect with God, get away from the drama and stress of every day life, a place where you can confess and be forgiven. At this point, I felt awful of my first impression or idea of the church. I was being biased without knowing the least bit about St. Mary’s. I am not Catholic so it doesn’t appeal to me much. However, judging it still wasn’t right. Through all the bars, beauty salons, and places to eat and be entertained on High Street, St. Mary’s is stuck between. Hoping that they can pull some more people away from the negative things and into the light. This is a traditional place and means a lot to the parishioners. It has withheld all kinds of things and is still standing strong. Just as people withstand all the stress, drama, and pain in life, however, we have to still stand strong. And St. Mary’s helps people get away from their problems and go to a place where you won’t be judged for what you do or who you are. All in all, this reading made me feel like I judge people and things too quickly. I learned a lot from this reading and it has changed some of my thoughts.

1 comment September 2, 2008






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